Репортаж, посвященный юбилею Мытищинского филиала МГТУ им. Н.Э.БауманаOleg Skripochka (pilot-cosmonaut, Hero of Russia) As You know, a large number of experiments are conducted on the International Space Station. We told You about many of them in reports of the Korolev Planet Web site. Many scientists and specialists from various research organizations and institutes participate in the formulation, implementation and processing of the results of these experiments. Today we want to talk about one of such participants – the Mytishchi branch of Bauman MSTU (the former Forestry Institute).
This year the University has a double anniversary – 60 years of the Space Faculty and the Institute itself celebrates its 100th anniversary. The Space Faculty at the Forestry Institute is not for nothing. After all Russia has a huge stock of forest and agricultural land occupying 83% of the territory of our country. Control and monitoring of such vast territories cannot be carried out without the use of space technology.

The first experiment in which the Mytishchi branch of Bauman MSTU takes part is the “ISS Sreda”.
In the scope of the experiment the microgravity situation on the station is investigated. Changes in the composition and configuration of the structure, mass movement inside the station have a significant effect on the position of the ISS center of mass and its inertial characteristics.
The equipment delivered to the ISS and the change in the station configuration create electromagnetic disturbances which can result in the significant change in the available distribution pattern of the self-magnetic field on the ISS. The ISS Sreda experiment allows a comprehensive assessment of dynamic characteristics of the Station in flight. In the scope of the experiment a new method was proposed to determine deformation of the station body based on photo and video recording by the equipment installed on the window.
As You know, the ISS has enormous dimensions, its configuration changes periodically. When controlling the station flight, conducting experiments and solving other problems, it is necessary to predict accurately its orbital motion. For highly accurate prediction of the station motion the Vektor-T experiment is performed. This is done by updating the atmospheric parameters at the ISS flight altitude.
Much attention, of course, is paid to the study of the features of the cosmonaut activity in orbital flight. These studies are carried out as part of the Timer experiment. Special markers are applied to the cosmonaut of Earth, after which he performs certain movements. This is accompanied by video recording. On the ISS the cosmonaut performs exactly the same movements with video recording. Then these video records are processed, compared and special mathematical models of the operator movements are built.
The Mytishchi branch of “Baumanka” is also a participant in experiments aimed for studying the earth’s surface, such as Stsenariy, Uragan, Dubrava.
The ISS is an ideal laboratory to test the equipment and procedures for remote sensing of the Earth as most of the windows of the Service Module are directed towards the Earth. In the scope of the Uragan experiment the test of the hardware and methods for observing the Earth’s surface from the ISS is carried out. To perform the experiment tasks, photo- and video-spectral systems are used. They allow to combine the optical image and spectral measurements, thereby significantly extending the range of tasks to be performed in the experiment. In addition, a new Hyperspectrometer equipment is being developed, which will allow to obtain hyperspectral images of the Earth’s surface.
As part of the Stsenariy experiment, methods are tested to evaluate and develop potentially dangerous and catastrophic phenomena in the atmosphere, on the earth and on the water surfaces. For example, monitoring the dynamics of glaciers, areas with the increased probability of mudflows, a threat of flooding. Requests for monitoring hazardous facilities also come from the Ministry of Emergencies. Based on the observations mathematical models of the situation development in these areas are built.
Besides, the Mytishchi branch of Bauman MSTU is the investigator of the Dubrava space experiment. This experiment is aimed to test the forest study methods. In the scope of it monitoring the forestry activity and the effects of natural and anthropogenic factors on the forest cover is provided. Observations are also made using photo – and video-spectral equipment.

The Mytishchi branch of Baumanka is a participant of one of educational experiments Great Start in the scope of which the popularization methods of achievements of national manned cosmonautics are tested. To locate the experiment results the Korolev Planet Web site is established in Internet. Now interesting project “View from orbit” runs on the Web site. Organizers receive requests from students and schoolboys for photographing the Earth’s surface from the ISS to conduct research.
The summarize the above-stated, I would like to say that all the tasks performed in the scope of the listed experiments are very interesting and of practical importance. And the Mytishchi branch of “Baumanka” makes a significant contribution to the solution of each of these tasks. Thanks to the staff and graduates from the Forestry Institute for Your work and contribution to the development of Russian science and congratulations on the anniversaries.
OKB-1 General Designer Sergei Korolev bringing forth a problem of the lack of trained specialists in 1959, suggests creating the Faculty of Electronics and System Engineering on the basis of the Moscow Forestry Institute – the future Space Faculty.
Nikolai Sevastianov (General Director – General Designer of RSC Energia) Congratulations on the centenary of Lestech. Your Institute was established 100 years ago just for solving tasks, perhaps the most important wealth of our country at that time – forestry. But in the process of the Institute development many other professions appeared including space activity. Late in 1950 Sergei Pavlovich Korolev drew attention to Your Institute as one of the institutes with the highest level of specialist training. The Faculty of Electronics and System Engineering was established. During this period more than 11 thousand specialists graduated from Your Institute. Today a thousand of them work at RSC Energia. I must say that 2/3 of the MCC staff also graduated from Your Institute.
Today the Faculty trains specialists for enterprises of the rocket and space industry. Most of these graduates work at RSC Energia.
Viktor Sanaev: (Director of the Mytishchi branch of N.E. Bauman MSTU). From a historical point of view the Faculty of Electronics and System Engineering, today the Space Faulty, was established just on the initiative of Sergei Pavlovich Korolev. Therefore, it is very important for us, relations with RSC Energia are very close, there are many employees who work at RSC Energia and teach at faculties.
Here teachers are not limited to merely presenting knowledge. They involve students in scientific work. Students together with teachers and the scientific department of the Energia Corporation develop and carry out experiments. The best of them are already being implemented on the International Space Station.
Aleksei Esakov: (engineer of the space experiment support department of RSC Energia, a graduate of MSTU MF). There are tasks related to the station operation support, and there are applied tasks, for example, space experiments that we supervise, namely, the Earth exploration, biology, test of technologies which, in principle, are not required in space, but are required on Earth. We are engaged in space experiments and create the equipment for these experiments. I am a curator of the space experiment and at the same time a curator of the scientific equipment to be developed.
Today the Corporation has a great number of graduates from the Lestech Space Faculty which in 2016 became a branch of Bauman MSTU. At RSC Energia the Lestech graduates are engaged not only in scientific work. For example, Twice Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot-cosmonaut Valery Viktorovich Ryumin also graduated from the Lestech Space Faculty, flew into space four times, was the flight director of many programs developed at Energia.
Viktor Sanaev: potentially every graduate can become a cosmonaut, such as, for example, Valery Viktorovich Ryumin, today we provide training in this sphere. Therefore, for many years the faculty was headed by Vladimir Ivanovich Lobachev; Head of MCC; Nikolai Mikhailovich Ivanov, chief ballistician of the country; today Mikhail Belyaev is the Head of the faculty. And in these spheres experts are just born, perhaps, they will become cosmonauts.
Space exploration is conducted both using the manned space flights and automatic vehicles as well. We study both distant planets and the solar space, as well as the Earth and near-Earth space. The Russian space industry is in great need of young space-oriented personnel, therefore every new graduate of the rocket and space faculties and allied industries is a firm belief that space science of our country “will not collapse”, it will have a new chance for primacy.
Mikhail Belyaev: (Doctor of Sciences, Head of MSTU MF Faculty, Deputy Head of the RSC Energia Center) I shall give You an example, it seems to me that it is very obvious. The Yamal satellites were created in co-operation with Space Systems Gazkom organizations (now it is called Space Systems Gazprom) and RSC Energia. The Yamal-200 satellites had some technical features and problems that resulted in the fact that within three-four hours the satellite was uncontrollable in terms of the attitude control. There was an idea to control the satellite orientation according to the forecast i.e. to predict the satellite motion around the center of mass and, thus, control the satellite. This can be done only by studying and updating with high accuracy the satellite dynamic characteristics. Thus, technologies tested in experiments on the ISS were adapted to the Yamal satellite and introduced into use. And due to this, one of the Yamal satellites has been flying already for sixteen years and this year its flight will be prolonged for another two years. The solution to this problem was also facilitated by the fact that Yuriy Romanovich Bonit, a graduate from the Space Faculty was engaged in experiments Sreda and Tenzor on the ISS.
Nikolai Poyarkov: (Dan of MSTU MF Space Faculty) Every year there is more and more interest in technical education among schoolchildren. And before there was an interest, but now, at the present time, the results of the Unified State Examination have greatly increased, now the passing scores are 230-240, we didn’t have such scores before. Accordingly, boys come to us already more trained, their physical and mathematical level is much better, it is easier to teach them, they already know foundations, higher mathematics. And this percentage of students’ interest in getting a high-quality higher education now has become much higher.
Natalya Tarasova: (engineer of the space experiments support department of RSC Energia, a graduate of MSTU MF) Initially I planned to enter the Economic Faculty of Lestech. Then we arrived at the Institute for an open day, and we really liked the Faculty of Electronics and System Engineering because of the variety of specialities, as well as the spheres where You can go to work in the future. I liked the fact that this faculty, this profession implies the interaction with to rocket and space technology. By the way, I also was educated as an economist at Lestech, I have two professions at once. But now engineers are in greater demand.
Today world cosmonautics is on the rise again. People are interested in the study of near-Earth space and the solar system. Space science again requires rocketeers, biologists, electronic engineers and other specialists. In Russia the lunar program was revived and the development of a superheavy launch vehicle began. Therefore, young people craving for a bound forward to stars have something to strive for and where to work.
Mikhail Belyaev: A student entered the Institute (MSTU MF), from the third year he gets practical training at RSC Energia and begins to work at a quarter-rate. The student is given an interesting task and he always has subjects of term papers, the subject of the bachelor’s thesis, the subject of the master’s thesis. While working at the Institute I try to organize work in such a way that when this student graduates from the Institute he already has a candidate’s thesis. After graduation from the Institute the student will immediately take a post-graduate course and after defending a thesis he will already earn enough money.
Viktor Sanaev: This period of time when students are educated for four five, six years – now there are different periods to be educated: bachelors, specialists, masters, this is such a hey-day. They must soak up everything like a sponge to be successful later in their future work and life.
As before RSC Energia is in the forefront of space research, therefore its personnel consists of highly skilled specialists. After all, those who grope for an answer to question: What is there on the edge of the universe?, can get an answer only where they know what to ask.

Репортаж, посвященный юбилею М...
Репортаж, посвященный юбилею Мытищинского филиала МГТУ им. Н.Э.Баумана

 

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