50 years jubilee of the Gagarin's flight to space was mentioned in many fields sometimes quite unexpectedly. In 2011, the International Puzzle Party 31 gathered representatives from about 40 countries in Berlin. A member of the Great Start project working team Tatiana Matveeva, who is also a vice-president of Russian puzzle club, presented at the party her puzzle devoted to this great jubilee. The key to solve her puzzle box is the date of 1961, April 12. Participants of the puzzle party were very interested in the puzzle box and one more time we have got the confirmation of the fact that people all over the world recognize the great role of the Gagarin's flight in the history of mankind.



An interview with a winner of the State Prize, holder of the Order of Honor, academician of the International Academy of Cosmonautics, Candidate of Engineering Science, scientific consultant to the President of RSC Energia Boris Ivanovich Sotnikov, who was the head of the system design department during development of the Buran orbiter.

On November 11 the second ceremony of giving memorable presents to the project “Great Start” participants was held. The participants being awarded had sent their answers to the questions set forth in the questionnaire concerning space exploration and were selected as the best during TV session with the ISS RS- based Russian crew members of the ISS-28 expedition commander Andrei Borisenko, flight engineers Alexander Samokutyaev and Sergei Volkov.

The following participants were awarded the certificates signed by RSC Energia President V.A. Lopota and cosmonauts A. Borisenko and A. Samokutyaev: Sergei Aleksandrovich Adushkin (city of Saransk); Sergei Viktorovich Aleksandrov (Moscow); Mikhail Yurievich Koshelev (Moscow). Also their awards were given to the 1st - phase awarding phase finalists who had been unable to arrive on July 8th to receive their awards: Alexei Aleksandrovich Antonov (Saint-Petersburg); Dmitriy Vladimirovich Brovkin (Moscow); Boris Demkov (town of Zelenograd); Nikita Aleksandrovich Ikonnikov (town of Fryazino); Timur Sergeyevich Yudin (city of Korolev).


laika-1On November 3, 1957, less than a month after the triumphal launch of the first satellite, the Soviet Union announced the launch into orbit of the second artificial satellite of Earth. This time, it was a full-fledged scientific research lab in space, which made it possible to study the feasibility of a living being surviving the space environment. Unlike the first satellite, which was shaped as a sphere with a mass of 83.6 kilograms, the second satellite was an upgraded last stage of the R-7 launch vehicle, which carried power sources, containers and scientific equipment with the total mass of 508.3 kg. The maximum distance of the second satellite from the Earth surface was 1700 kilometers, which was approximately twice as high as the maximum altitude reached during the launch of the first satellite. Its orbital period was 103.7 minutes — 7.5 minutes more than the orbital period of the first satellite at the moment when it started its movement.

sokolovOn the eve of the 54th anniversary of the launch of the first artificial satellite of Earth, we (the editorial board of the Great Start project – editor’s note) we invited to the Korolev’s Planet web site an honored worker of science of Russia, doctor of engineering science, member of the Tsiolkovsky Russian Space Academy and of the International Academy of Astronautics, winner of the Lenin, State and RF government prizes, holder of the Order of Lenin, and, at present, RSC Energia President’s advisor Boris Sokolov and asked him to share with us his recollections about that great and unforgettable time.

54 years ago the first Earth artificial satellite was launched

When displaying TV broadcast from the International Space Station (ISS) “Selection of best answers to the experiment questionnaire by the ISS-27 cosmonauts” at the Korolev’s Plant website, the editorial staff of the Great Start space experiment promised to keep sending answers to the questionnaire questions to the ISS.
The editorial staff kept their promise. On August 19, 2011 the ISS-29 cosmonauts Sergey Volkov, Alexander Samokutyaev, and Andrey Borisenko became familiar with the answers to questions of the Great Start experiment questionnaire, which could be found at the Korolev’s Planet website from April 28, 2011 through August 5, 2011, and designated the names of eleven participants, whose answers they liked most of all.
See the second series of TV broadcast from the International Space Station “Selection of best answers to the Great Start experiment questionnaire”.
Keep sending your questionnaires, and possibly your answers of all others will be selected by cosmonauts next time.



19-08-11 01The work of cosmonauts with questionnaires of the Great Start space experiment on August 19, 2011

Prior to the TV broadcast, cosmonauts Borisenko A.I. (ISS commander), Samokutiayev A.M. (ISS Flight Engineer 1) and Volkov (ISS Flight Engineer 2) familiarized themselves with various versions of the answers to the questionnaire that were delivered onboard ISS RS, and selected the most interesting answer to each of the questions

During the TV broadcast, cosmonauts read the most interesting answers and announce the names and addresses of the participants. Each of the cosmonauts reads his version of the best answer.

Титов Г.С.

On August 6, 2011 exactly 50 years have passed since the first one-day space flight performed by German Stepanovich Titov, Vostok-2 spacecraft commander. He stayed in space one day, to be more precise 25 hours 18 minutes, and was the second, but the youngest man of out planet who visited space.

On the Earth, the second cosmonaut was awaited with no less excitement, than the first one. His orbital report laid the groundwork for training of future cosmonauts, for the first time the Earth photos were made.

On July 21, 2011, Orbiter Atlantis for the last time touched down on the runway at Cape Canaveral, Florida. This was the last mission of the US reusable space transportation spacecraft under Space Shuttle program. Altogether, 5 such Orbiters have flown into space:Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis, Endeavour.


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