The world’s first fully automatic docking of two spacecraft (unmanned versions of Soyuz spacecraft under the designations of Kosmos-186 and Kosmos-188) was performed on October, 1967, in USSR.

On August 19, 2012, at 06:55 Greenwich time, Integrated Launch Vehicle «Zenit-3SL» carrying spacecraft (SC) Intelsat-21 was launched from the Odyssey Launch Platform of the Sea Launch Rocket and Space Complex located in the equator area of the Pacific Ocean at Longitude 154°W. Initially, SC with Upper Stage (US) DM-SL was placed into circular intermediate orbit. Then US DM-SL injected SC into target geostationary orbit

The Mission Program was implemented in full. Upper Stage provided SC delivery to the scheduled orbit with a high accuracy; the world record was set in spacecraft orbital insertion accuracy. Perigee altitude was to be 280 plus0minus 13 kilometers; the error was 0 kilometers. Apogee altitude was to be 35786 kilometers plus-minus 129 kilometers. An actual apogee altitude was different by several kilometers from the scheduled apogee altitude.

ivanishinIn the experiment, the "Great Start" continues the project "Space education. Russian astronauts explain and talk. "

The second story – the story of Anatoly Ivanishin about Russian high data rate X-Band system, 100 Mbps

ПадалкаGood day! My name is Gennadi Padalka and today I want to tell you about a Russian experiment with a satellite. The objective of this experiment is to obtain more exact knowledge of atmospheric parameters, in particular, atmospheric density in orbits 100-400 km above ground. Therefore, let me present to you one more satellite to be put into outer space on August 20, 2012. And when I say “one more satellite” I want to emphasize the fact that Russian cosmonauts have accumulated a great deal of experience in launching satellites from the ISS orbit, they did it several times before. The most recent example was when just a little more than a year ago during his spacewalk Sergei Volkov launched satellite RadioSkaf-2, and now it’s our turn. We’ll eject the satellite in the direction opposite to the ISS velocity vector, thus assuring safe orbital motion of the two vehicles: the satellite and the ISS.

August 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the first joint space flight carried out by Vostok-3 and Vostok-4. The importance of that mission consists in the fact that it was the first step towards solving the problem of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft in orbit.

The tasks of that mission were to provide simultaneous control of two spacecraft and to study the specifics of crew life and work under the conditions of a fairly long-duration space mission.

Considering the importance of such missions Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) began registering such missions since March 1963.

The educational space experiment Great Start, which began in the year of the 50th anniversary of the first manned space mission, has generated considerable interest among Internet users in space flight in general, and, in particular, in achievements and capabilities of our country in the field of manned space flight. The participants in the experiment were given a chance to launch a virtual satellite into the orbit of the International Space Station, while the Russian cosmonauts read the answers to the experiment’s questionnaire and selected the answers they liked the most. These events were held several times and were reported on the pages of our web site. 

This year the experiment Great Start will continue.  

50 years jubilee of the Gagarin's flight to space was mentioned in many fields sometimes quite unexpectedly. In 2011, the International Puzzle Party 31 gathered representatives from about 40 countries in Berlin. A member of the Great Start project working team Tatiana Matveeva, who is also a vice-president of Russian puzzle club, presented at the party her puzzle devoted to this great jubilee. The key to solve her puzzle box is the date of 1961, April 12. Participants of the puzzle party were very interested in the puzzle box and one more time we have got the confirmation of the fact that people all over the world recognize the great role of the Gagarin's flight in the history of mankind.



An interview with a winner of the State Prize, holder of the Order of Honor, academician of the International Academy of Cosmonautics, Candidate of Engineering Science, scientific consultant to the President of RSC Energia Boris Ivanovich Sotnikov, who was the head of the system design department during development of the Buran orbiter.

On November 11 the second ceremony of giving memorable presents to the project “Great Start” participants was held. The participants being awarded had sent their answers to the questions set forth in the questionnaire concerning space exploration and were selected as the best during TV session with the ISS RS- based Russian crew members of the ISS-28 expedition commander Andrei Borisenko, flight engineers Alexander Samokutyaev and Sergei Volkov.

The following participants were awarded the certificates signed by RSC Energia President V.A. Lopota and cosmonauts A. Borisenko and A. Samokutyaev: Sergei Aleksandrovich Adushkin (city of Saransk); Sergei Viktorovich Aleksandrov (Moscow); Mikhail Yurievich Koshelev (Moscow). Also their awards were given to the 1st - phase awarding phase finalists who had been unable to arrive on July 8th to receive their awards: Alexei Aleksandrovich Antonov (Saint-Petersburg); Dmitriy Vladimirovich Brovkin (Moscow); Boris Demkov (town of Zelenograd); Nikita Aleksandrovich Ikonnikov (town of Fryazino); Timur Sergeyevich Yudin (city of Korolev).


laika-1On November 3, 1957, less than a month after the triumphal launch of the first satellite, the Soviet Union announced the launch into orbit of the second artificial satellite of Earth. This time, it was a full-fledged scientific research lab in space, which made it possible to study the feasibility of a living being surviving the space environment. Unlike the first satellite, which was shaped as a sphere with a mass of 83.6 kilograms, the second satellite was an upgraded last stage of the R-7 launch vehicle, which carried power sources, containers and scientific equipment with the total mass of 508.3 kg. The maximum distance of the second satellite from the Earth surface was 1700 kilometers, which was approximately twice as high as the maximum altitude reached during the launch of the first satellite. Its orbital period was 103.7 minutes — 7.5 minutes more than the orbital period of the first satellite at the moment when it started its movement.


Международная космическая станция Автоматические космические системы logo fka eng baner rsc-eng "Морской старт" и "Наземный старт" "Морской старт" и "Наземный старт"