Люинский2012 year marks the 45th anniversary of the the world’s first automatic dockingof Soyuz space vehicles.

The living legend, the active participant in this event - V.E.Lyubinsky recalls this event in your life.

Oleg Nikolayevich Volkov, Deputy Manager of the Great Start Project, conducts the interview

Volkov: Dear visitors to the Internet portal «Korolyov’s Planet», on September 17 this year, the 155th anniversary of the birth of Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, the outstanding man of Russian science, the founder of world cosmonautics, took place. Therefore, we here at the museum of Rocket-Space Corporation Energia are taking an interview with Sergei Nikolayevich Samburov, the great-grandson of Konstantin Eduardovich who has been working at RSC Energia 36 years now. He is the chief specialist at the cosmonauts’ technical training and activity planning department, as well as the academician of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics and the President of the Fund after Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky.

Archive document s relating the first joint flight of two manned spacecrafts “Vostok-3” and “Vostok-4” can be found the website. There are documents by which one can understand how it was 50 years ago.

dozimetr1Narrated by Anatoly Ivanishin

It is a known fact that (Earth – ed.) atmosphere protects us (humankind – ed.) against (space – ed.) radiation. So what are we (cosmonauts – ed.) to do in space at an altitude above 100 km? The level of radiation hazard is significantly higher here. However, it is possible to live in space. Besides atmosphere, our protection from radiation also comes from the Earth magnetic field. Tej first Earth radiation belt is at the altitude of about 600-700 km. The station is now flying at the altitude of about 400 km, which is significantly lower than the altitude of the first radiation belt. Protection against radiation in space is (also – ed.) provided by the spacecraft or station hull. The thicker the walls, the greater the protection. Of course, the walls cannot be infinitely thick because of the mass constraints. We cannot put into orbit payloads (spacecraft and stations – ed.) with very thick walls. However, besides the walls we can rely on our knowledge about the nature of radiation.

The world’s first fully automatic docking of two spacecraft (unmanned versions of Soyuz spacecraft under the designations of Kosmos-186 and Kosmos-188) was performed on October, 1967, in USSR.

On August 19, 2012, at 06:55 Greenwich time, Integrated Launch Vehicle «Zenit-3SL» carrying spacecraft (SC) Intelsat-21 was launched from the Odyssey Launch Platform of the Sea Launch Rocket and Space Complex located in the equator area of the Pacific Ocean at Longitude 154°W. Initially, SC with Upper Stage (US) DM-SL was placed into circular intermediate orbit. Then US DM-SL injected SC into target geostationary orbit

The Mission Program was implemented in full. Upper Stage provided SC delivery to the scheduled orbit with a high accuracy; the world record was set in spacecraft orbital insertion accuracy. Perigee altitude was to be 280 plus0minus 13 kilometers; the error was 0 kilometers. Apogee altitude was to be 35786 kilometers plus-minus 129 kilometers. An actual apogee altitude was different by several kilometers from the scheduled apogee altitude.

ivanishinIn the experiment, the "Great Start" continues the project "Space education. Russian astronauts explain and talk. "

The second story – the story of Anatoly Ivanishin about Russian high data rate X-Band system, 100 Mbps

ПадалкаGood day! My name is Gennadi Padalka and today I want to tell you about a Russian experiment with a satellite. The objective of this experiment is to obtain more exact knowledge of atmospheric parameters, in particular, atmospheric density in orbits 100-400 km above ground. Therefore, let me present to you one more satellite to be put into outer space on August 20, 2012. And when I say “one more satellite” I want to emphasize the fact that Russian cosmonauts have accumulated a great deal of experience in launching satellites from the ISS orbit, they did it several times before. The most recent example was when just a little more than a year ago during his spacewalk Sergei Volkov launched satellite RadioSkaf-2, and now it’s our turn. We’ll eject the satellite in the direction opposite to the ISS velocity vector, thus assuring safe orbital motion of the two vehicles: the satellite and the ISS.

August 2012 marks the 50th anniversary of the first joint space flight carried out by Vostok-3 and Vostok-4. The importance of that mission consists in the fact that it was the first step towards solving the problem of rendezvous and docking of spacecraft in orbit.

The tasks of that mission were to provide simultaneous control of two spacecraft and to study the specifics of crew life and work under the conditions of a fairly long-duration space mission.

Considering the importance of such missions Fédération Aéronautique Internationale (FAI) began registering such missions since March 1963.

The educational space experiment Great Start, which began in the year of the 50th anniversary of the first manned space mission, has generated considerable interest among Internet users in space flight in general, and, in particular, in achievements and capabilities of our country in the field of manned space flight. The participants in the experiment were given a chance to launch a virtual satellite into the orbit of the International Space Station, while the Russian cosmonauts read the answers to the experiment’s questionnaire and selected the answers they liked the most. These events were held several times and were reported on the pages of our web site. 

This year the experiment Great Start will continue.  


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