sp_korolev_mSergei Pavlovich Korolev is an outstanding design engineer and scientists who worked in the field of missile and space rocket technology. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor, winner of Lenin Prize, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, he is the developer of our country’s strategic missile weapons and the farther of practical cosmonautics.

In 1955, long before the flight tests of the R-7 rocket, S.P. Korolev, M.V. Keldysh, M.K. Tikhonravov submitted to the government a proposal to use R-7 to put into space an artificial Earth satellite. The government gave support to this initiative. In August 1956 the design bureau headed by Sergei Korolev became a separate organization, with S.P. Korolev appointed as its chief designer and director. Today this organization is called S.P.Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia. 
On October 4, 1957, this team under direction of S.P. Korolev launched into the low Earth orbit the world’s first artificial Earth satellite. Its flight was a stunning success and it won our country high international standing.

On April 12, 1961, S.P. Korolev once again astounded the world. Having developed manned spacecraft Vostok, he achieved the world’s first manned mission into space carried out by a citizen of USSR Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin.

Happy New Year 2013, dear visitors to the Korolev’s Planet web site!

Space education experiment Great Start, which was launched in the year of the 50th of the first manned mission into space, will continue in the new year, 2013. During the last year, 2012, pages of our web site offered you a unique opportunity to get acquainted with some of the scientific and engineering research conducted on the ISS Russian Segment under a new section entitled “Space Education. Cosmonauts Explain and Report”. New unique reminiscences about anniversaries of great events in the history of manned spaceflight appeared in the pages of our web site under the section “Materials / About the Past and the Future of Spaceflight”. 

Blagov2012 year marks the 35th anniversary of the launch of Salyut-6 space station.

The living legend, the person has been the deputy flight director during the period of 1972 to 2005- V.D. Blagov recalls this event in your life. 

The interview is conducted by Oleg Volkov, deputy head of the Great Start project.


V.:Today the guest of the Korolev’s Planet web portal is a living legend, who has been the deputy flight director during the period of 1972 to 2005, and who is at present the Chief Expert of the Science and Technology Center for spacecraft flight operations, Victor Blagov.

Good day, Mr. Blagov!

B.:Good day!

Люинский2012 year marks the 45th anniversary of the the world’s first automatic dockingof Soyuz space vehicles.

The living legend, the active participant in this event - V.E.Lyubinsky recalls this event in your life.

Oleg Nikolayevich Volkov, Deputy Manager of the Great Start Project, conducts the interview

Volkov: Dear visitors to the Internet portal «Korolyov’s Planet», on September 17 this year, the 155th anniversary of the birth of Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, the outstanding man of Russian science, the founder of world cosmonautics, took place. Therefore, we here at the museum of Rocket-Space Corporation Energia are taking an interview with Sergei Nikolayevich Samburov, the great-grandson of Konstantin Eduardovich who has been working at RSC Energia 36 years now. He is the chief specialist at the cosmonauts’ technical training and activity planning department, as well as the academician of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics and the President of the Fund after Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky.

Archive document s relating the first joint flight of two manned spacecrafts “Vostok-3” and “Vostok-4” can be found the website. There are documents by which one can understand how it was 50 years ago.

dozimetr1Narrated by Anatoly Ivanishin

It is a known fact that (Earth – ed.) atmosphere protects us (humankind – ed.) against (space – ed.) radiation. So what are we (cosmonauts – ed.) to do in space at an altitude above 100 km? The level of radiation hazard is significantly higher here. However, it is possible to live in space. Besides atmosphere, our protection from radiation also comes from the Earth magnetic field. Tej first Earth radiation belt is at the altitude of about 600-700 km. The station is now flying at the altitude of about 400 km, which is significantly lower than the altitude of the first radiation belt. Protection against radiation in space is (also – ed.) provided by the spacecraft or station hull. The thicker the walls, the greater the protection. Of course, the walls cannot be infinitely thick because of the mass constraints. We cannot put into orbit payloads (spacecraft and stations – ed.) with very thick walls. However, besides the walls we can rely on our knowledge about the nature of radiation.

The world’s first fully automatic docking of two spacecraft (unmanned versions of Soyuz spacecraft under the designations of Kosmos-186 and Kosmos-188) was performed on October, 1967, in USSR.

On August 19, 2012, at 06:55 Greenwich time, Integrated Launch Vehicle «Zenit-3SL» carrying spacecraft (SC) Intelsat-21 was launched from the Odyssey Launch Platform of the Sea Launch Rocket and Space Complex located in the equator area of the Pacific Ocean at Longitude 154°W. Initially, SC with Upper Stage (US) DM-SL was placed into circular intermediate orbit. Then US DM-SL injected SC into target geostationary orbit

The Mission Program was implemented in full. Upper Stage provided SC delivery to the scheduled orbit with a high accuracy; the world record was set in spacecraft orbital insertion accuracy. Perigee altitude was to be 280 plus0minus 13 kilometers; the error was 0 kilometers. Apogee altitude was to be 35786 kilometers plus-minus 129 kilometers. An actual apogee altitude was different by several kilometers from the scheduled apogee altitude.

ivanishinIn the experiment, the "Great Start" continues the project "Space education. Russian astronauts explain and talk. "

The second story – the story of Anatoly Ivanishin about Russian high data rate X-Band system, 100 Mbps


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