Муртазин Р.Ф.Candidate of Eengieering Science, Rafail Farvazovich MURTAZIN, Trajectory Department, RSC Energia. 

“Quick” rendezvous profile for Russian transportation spacecraft docking with ISS. Project prospects and further development. 

 

Thirty five years ago, on March 2, 1978 the international crew consisting of Alexei Gubarev and Vladimir Remek was launched to orbital station "Salyut-6".

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An era of international space programs on Soviet orbital station "Salyut-6", "Salyut-7" and "Mir" began, which was further developed into the International Space Station (ISS).  

The foundation of international cooperation in the area of manned space flights was laid by implementing Soviet/American "Soyuz-Apollo" program (ASTP) in July 1975. The ASTP program was approved by the USSR/USA agreement of May 24, 1972 on cooperation in space exploration and peaceful use of space.

Десинов

The interview is conducted by Oleg Volkov, deputy head of the Great Start project. 

V.: Today the guest of the Korolev’s Planet web portal is the head of the Earth Remote Sensing Lab at the Geography Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Candidate of Geographical Science Lev Vasilievich Desinov.

Good day, Mr. Desinov!

D.: Good day, Mr. Volkov!

V.: 10 years ago in the mountains of Caucasus, Kolka glacier suddenly slid into the valley destroying many human lives, including the lives of the film crew of Sergei Bodrov Jr.. A great help in figuring out the causes of the tragedy were pictures taken from space by cosmonaut Valery Korzun while he conducted experiment Uragan. The objective of the experiment was to develop ground-and-space-based system for monitoring and predicting natural and man-made disasters.

sp_korolev_mSergei Pavlovich Korolev is an outstanding design engineer and scientists who worked in the field of missile and space rocket technology. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor, winner of Lenin Prize, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, he is the developer of our country’s strategic missile weapons and the farther of practical cosmonautics.

In 1955, long before the flight tests of the R-7 rocket, S.P. Korolev, M.V. Keldysh, M.K. Tikhonravov submitted to the government a proposal to use R-7 to put into space an artificial Earth satellite. The government gave support to this initiative. In August 1956 the design bureau headed by Sergei Korolev became a separate organization, with S.P. Korolev appointed as its chief designer and director. Today this organization is called S.P.Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia. 
 
On October 4, 1957, this team under direction of S.P. Korolev launched into the low Earth orbit the world’s first artificial Earth satellite. Its flight was a stunning success and it won our country high international standing.

On April 12, 1961, S.P. Korolev once again astounded the world. Having developed manned spacecraft Vostok, he achieved the world’s first manned mission into space carried out by a citizen of USSR Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin.

Happy New Year 2013, dear visitors to the Korolev’s Planet web site!

Space education experiment Great Start, which was launched in the year of the 50th of the first manned mission into space, will continue in the new year, 2013. During the last year, 2012, pages of our web site offered you a unique opportunity to get acquainted with some of the scientific and engineering research conducted on the ISS Russian Segment under a new section entitled “Space Education. Cosmonauts Explain and Report”. New unique reminiscences about anniversaries of great events in the history of manned spaceflight appeared in the pages of our web site under the section “Materials / About the Past and the Future of Spaceflight”. 

Blagov2012 year marks the 35th anniversary of the launch of Salyut-6 space station.

The living legend, the person has been the deputy flight director during the period of 1972 to 2005- V.D. Blagov recalls this event in your life. 

The interview is conducted by Oleg Volkov, deputy head of the Great Start project.

 

V.:Today the guest of the Korolev’s Planet web portal is a living legend, who has been the deputy flight director during the period of 1972 to 2005, and who is at present the Chief Expert of the Science and Technology Center for spacecraft flight operations, Victor Blagov.

Good day, Mr. Blagov!

B.:Good day!

Люинский2012 year marks the 45th anniversary of the the world’s first automatic dockingof Soyuz space vehicles.

The living legend, the active participant in this event - V.E.Lyubinsky recalls this event in your life.

Oleg Nikolayevich Volkov, Deputy Manager of the Great Start Project, conducts the interview

Volkov: Dear visitors to the Internet portal «Korolyov’s Planet», on September 17 this year, the 155th anniversary of the birth of Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky, the outstanding man of Russian science, the founder of world cosmonautics, took place. Therefore, we here at the museum of Rocket-Space Corporation Energia are taking an interview with Sergei Nikolayevich Samburov, the great-grandson of Konstantin Eduardovich who has been working at RSC Energia 36 years now. He is the chief specialist at the cosmonauts’ technical training and activity planning department, as well as the academician of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics and the President of the Fund after Konstantin Eduardovich Tsiolkovsky.

Archive document s relating the first joint flight of two manned spacecrafts “Vostok-3” and “Vostok-4” can be found the website. There are documents by which one can understand how it was 50 years ago.

dozimetr1Narrated by Anatoly Ivanishin

It is a known fact that (Earth – ed.) atmosphere protects us (humankind – ed.) against (space – ed.) radiation. So what are we (cosmonauts – ed.) to do in space at an altitude above 100 km? The level of radiation hazard is significantly higher here. However, it is possible to live in space. Besides atmosphere, our protection from radiation also comes from the Earth magnetic field. Tej first Earth radiation belt is at the altitude of about 600-700 km. The station is now flying at the altitude of about 400 km, which is significantly lower than the altitude of the first radiation belt. Protection against radiation in space is (also – ed.) provided by the spacecraft or station hull. The thicker the walls, the greater the protection. Of course, the walls cannot be infinitely thick because of the mass constraints. We cannot put into orbit payloads (spacecraft and stations – ed.) with very thick walls. However, besides the walls we can rely on our knowledge about the nature of radiation.

 

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