tereshkova-01And the name of this courageous woman was Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova.

“Chaika” was her radio call.

The success of her flight has become an important step in the development of native cosmonautics and a milestone in the history of manned space exploration. 


Facts of biography

Valentina was born on March 6, 1937, in the Yaroslavl area, in a rural family. Her father was lost in 1939 during the Finnish war. Her mother was left one with three children in her arms. Therefore, as soon as Valentina grew older, she began to help with housework. It may be for this reason that she could not go to a college and began to work at the tyre factory. However, the girl did not despair, she studied at a night school, and later began to work as a cutter at the “Krasny Perekop” textile integrated works, where her mother worked. Afterwards, Tereshkova finished the college of light industry.

A flying club gave Valentina the dream of the sky.


Training for a flight

In 1962 the first selection of women to the corps of cosmonauts was declared. Only 30 candidates of 800 passed medical examination, and only five of them were included in the corps – Valentina Tereshkova, Zhanna Yorkina, Tatyana Kuznetsova, Irina Solovyova and Valentina Ponomareva.

Candidates to the first corps of women-cosmonauts were sought in flying clubs, among parachute jumpers, because a cosmonaut (at that time) catapulted right before the landing and descended by parachute. The initial requirements were: the age – up to 30 years, the body height – up to 170 cm, the weight – up to 70 kg.

The new photos of expedition ISS-34 were posted in the headline Life on orbit/Photo


sprutGood day! Today I would like to tell you about biomedical experiments conducted onboard the International Space Station. Biomedical experiments represent one of the most important research programs conducted onboard ISS. Such experiments have been conducted for a long time, ever since manned spaceflight began. These experiments make it possible to accumulate a lot of experience for us, cosmonauts.


Roman Romanenko Electronic Nose 


Hello, I’m Roman Romanenko and I’m going to tell you about a biological experiment Electronic Nose. The objective of the experiment is to study bacterial flora on the surface here onboard the International Space Station in space flight environment. This is a new experiment, it’s the first time that I conduct it onboard the space station. I have completed one experiment (one test run, - Ed.), and now I’m going to prepare for the next test run which is scheduled for tomorrow. 


Муртазин Р.Ф.Candidate of Eengieering Science, Rafail Farvazovich MURTAZIN, Trajectory Department, RSC Energia. 

“Quick” rendezvous profile for Russian transportation spacecraft docking with ISS. Project prospects and further development. 


Thirty five years ago, on March 2, 1978 the international crew consisting of Alexei Gubarev and Vladimir Remek was launched to orbital station "Salyut-6".


An era of international space programs on Soviet orbital station "Salyut-6", "Salyut-7" and "Mir" began, which was further developed into the International Space Station (ISS).  

The foundation of international cooperation in the area of manned space flights was laid by implementing Soviet/American "Soyuz-Apollo" program (ASTP) in July 1975. The ASTP program was approved by the USSR/USA agreement of May 24, 1972 on cooperation in space exploration and peaceful use of space.


The interview is conducted by Oleg Volkov, deputy head of the Great Start project. 

V.: Today the guest of the Korolev’s Planet web portal is the head of the Earth Remote Sensing Lab at the Geography Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Candidate of Geographical Science Lev Vasilievich Desinov.

Good day, Mr. Desinov!

D.: Good day, Mr. Volkov!

V.: 10 years ago in the mountains of Caucasus, Kolka glacier suddenly slid into the valley destroying many human lives, including the lives of the film crew of Sergei Bodrov Jr.. A great help in figuring out the causes of the tragedy were pictures taken from space by cosmonaut Valery Korzun while he conducted experiment Uragan. The objective of the experiment was to develop ground-and-space-based system for monitoring and predicting natural and man-made disasters.

sp_korolev_mSergei Pavlovich Korolev is an outstanding design engineer and scientists who worked in the field of missile and space rocket technology. Twice Hero of Socialist Labor, winner of Lenin Prize, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, he is the developer of our country’s strategic missile weapons and the farther of practical cosmonautics.

In 1955, long before the flight tests of the R-7 rocket, S.P. Korolev, M.V. Keldysh, M.K. Tikhonravov submitted to the government a proposal to use R-7 to put into space an artificial Earth satellite. The government gave support to this initiative. In August 1956 the design bureau headed by Sergei Korolev became a separate organization, with S.P. Korolev appointed as its chief designer and director. Today this organization is called S.P.Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia. 
On October 4, 1957, this team under direction of S.P. Korolev launched into the low Earth orbit the world’s first artificial Earth satellite. Its flight was a stunning success and it won our country high international standing.

On April 12, 1961, S.P. Korolev once again astounded the world. Having developed manned spacecraft Vostok, he achieved the world’s first manned mission into space carried out by a citizen of USSR Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin.

Happy New Year 2013, dear visitors to the Korolev’s Planet web site!

Space education experiment Great Start, which was launched in the year of the 50th of the first manned mission into space, will continue in the new year, 2013. During the last year, 2012, pages of our web site offered you a unique opportunity to get acquainted with some of the scientific and engineering research conducted on the ISS Russian Segment under a new section entitled “Space Education. Cosmonauts Explain and Report”. New unique reminiscences about anniversaries of great events in the history of manned spaceflight appeared in the pages of our web site under the section “Materials / About the Past and the Future of Spaceflight”. 

Blagov2012 year marks the 35th anniversary of the launch of Salyut-6 space station.

The living legend, the person has been the deputy flight director during the period of 1972 to 2005- V.D. Blagov recalls this event in your life. 

The interview is conducted by Oleg Volkov, deputy head of the Great Start project.


V.:Today the guest of the Korolev’s Planet web portal is a living legend, who has been the deputy flight director during the period of 1972 to 2005, and who is at present the Chief Expert of the Science and Technology Center for spacecraft flight operations, Victor Blagov.

Good day, Mr. Blagov!

B.:Good day!


Международная космическая станция Автоматические космические системы logo fka eng baner rsc-eng "Морской старт" и "Наземный старт" "Морской старт" и "Наземный старт"