The editorial board of the Planet Korolev website starts the publication of unique archival documents related to the flight of the world’s first woman in space, Valentina Tereshkova. While the year of 2011 was marked by the 50th anniversary of the first flight of man into space, in the current year of 2013 the most important anniversary in our country’s spaceflight is the 50th anniversary of the world’s first woman in space, whose name was V.V. Tereshkova.

В.В. Терешкова. Бортовой журнал

Agust 27 through September 1 the town of Zhukovsky near Moscow hosted the 11th Internation Air and Space Show MAKS-2013.

МАКС-2013МАКС-2013

This year the weather wasn’t very good for flying and spending one’s day off in an airfield under the rain may not exactly be considered much fun, the air show was nevertheless visited by more than 350 thousand people.

Табакова Т.С.

Relations between the Soviet Union (Russia) and France have a special place in international cooperation in space exploration - eight manned missions to space stations "Salyut-7", "Mir ", "ISS" during the period of 1982 through 2001.

The direct participant in all the projects of French cosmonaut’s missions to space stations "Salyut-7", "Mir", "ISS", the manager of the six of them, the Knight of the French National Order of "Merit" Taisia Semenovna Tabakova tells about how began, developed and strengthened cooperation with France.

 

 

 

tereshkova-01And the name of this courageous woman was Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova.

“Chaika” was her radio call.

The success of her flight has become an important step in the development of native cosmonautics and a milestone in the history of manned space exploration. 

 

Facts of biography

Valentina was born on March 6, 1937, in the Yaroslavl area, in a rural family. Her father was lost in 1939 during the Finnish war. Her mother was left one with three children in her arms. Therefore, as soon as Valentina grew older, she began to help with housework. It may be for this reason that she could not go to a college and began to work at the tyre factory. However, the girl did not despair, she studied at a night school, and later began to work as a cutter at the “Krasny Perekop” textile integrated works, where her mother worked. Afterwards, Tereshkova finished the college of light industry.

A flying club gave Valentina the dream of the sky.

 

Training for a flight

In 1962 the first selection of women to the corps of cosmonauts was declared. Only 30 candidates of 800 passed medical examination, and only five of them were included in the corps – Valentina Tereshkova, Zhanna Yorkina, Tatyana Kuznetsova, Irina Solovyova and Valentina Ponomareva.

Candidates to the first corps of women-cosmonauts were sought in flying clubs, among parachute jumpers, because a cosmonaut (at that time) catapulted right before the landing and descended by parachute. The initial requirements were: the age – up to 30 years, the body height – up to 170 cm, the weight – up to 70 kg.

The new photos of expedition ISS-34 were posted in the headline Life on orbit/Photo

 

sprutGood day! Today I would like to tell you about biomedical experiments conducted onboard the International Space Station. Biomedical experiments represent one of the most important research programs conducted onboard ISS. Such experiments have been conducted for a long time, ever since manned spaceflight began. These experiments make it possible to accumulate a lot of experience for us, cosmonauts.

romanenko

Roman Romanenko Electronic Nose 

 

Hello, I’m Roman Romanenko and I’m going to tell you about a biological experiment Electronic Nose. The objective of the experiment is to study bacterial flora on the surface here onboard the International Space Station in space flight environment. This is a new experiment, it’s the first time that I conduct it onboard the space station. I have completed one experiment (one test run, - Ed.), and now I’m going to prepare for the next test run which is scheduled for tomorrow. 

 

Муртазин Р.Ф.Candidate of Eengieering Science, Rafail Farvazovich MURTAZIN, Trajectory Department, RSC Energia. 

“Quick” rendezvous profile for Russian transportation spacecraft docking with ISS. Project prospects and further development. 

 

Thirty five years ago, on March 2, 1978 the international crew consisting of Alexei Gubarev and Vladimir Remek was launched to orbital station "Salyut-6".

35-01

An era of international space programs on Soviet orbital station "Salyut-6", "Salyut-7" and "Mir" began, which was further developed into the International Space Station (ISS).  

The foundation of international cooperation in the area of manned space flights was laid by implementing Soviet/American "Soyuz-Apollo" program (ASTP) in July 1975. The ASTP program was approved by the USSR/USA agreement of May 24, 1972 on cooperation in space exploration and peaceful use of space.

Десинов

The interview is conducted by Oleg Volkov, deputy head of the Great Start project. 

V.: Today the guest of the Korolev’s Planet web portal is the head of the Earth Remote Sensing Lab at the Geography Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Candidate of Geographical Science Lev Vasilievich Desinov.

Good day, Mr. Desinov!

D.: Good day, Mr. Volkov!

V.: 10 years ago in the mountains of Caucasus, Kolka glacier suddenly slid into the valley destroying many human lives, including the lives of the film crew of Sergei Bodrov Jr.. A great help in figuring out the causes of the tragedy were pictures taken from space by cosmonaut Valery Korzun while he conducted experiment Uragan. The objective of the experiment was to develop ground-and-space-based system for monitoring and predicting natural and man-made disasters.

 

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